The same positive feedback loop can also run in reverse however, to create a vicious cycle, when a bad situation feeds on itself to make it even worse. Meaning: If you're in a vicious circle you're in a situation in which the solution to one problem becomes the cause of another one, and the solution to that one causes the first problem to occur again. a vicious circle phrase. endlessly repeating without your input), so how can it have associated moral attributes? The term 'vicious spiral' was later coined in the USA to denote a similar process but one which, after proceeding around the loop, ends in a worse position than before. "Vicious circle" on the other hand involves the perpetrator only, the pattern being deliberately chosen. Vicious in this context means impaired or spoiled by a fault. How do you take into account order in linear programming? In any use but as a term in logic the expression is now a cliché. The earliest uses part is answerable (last time I saw yesterday you had a partial anwer to that, but now it's gone); the other bit may or may not be answerable, I don't know. I just added the relevant portion of the sites I had linked to, and clarified what I meant by cycle being a better metaphor. He supposes the existence of two clouds, one below the other ; and ascribes to them various motions and situations, which we have already taken notice of : but who knows whether such clouds ever existed? Another will pander to the cry for the sake of office. vicious circles name meaning available! His lordship does not pretend that any body ever saw them ; and thus he runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle; he first assumes data, purposely made to accord with his hypothesis, and then proves the hypothesis from the data. Circle means a mode of reasoning wherein a proposition is used to establish a conclusion and then this same conclusion used to prove the proposition. vicious circle phrase. Finding nearest street name from selected point using ArcPy. The OED records it from 1792 in the sense of "a situation in which an action and reaction intensify each other." Meaning "inclined to be savage or dangerous" is first recorded 1711 (originally of animals, especially horses); that of "full of spite, bitter, severe" is from 1825. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. How was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner? This has been used most often in reference to economics; for example, this piece in The Syracuse Herald in March 1916, headed The Vicious Spiral: "... we keep on putting up prices, raising wages –. (problem: cycle of cause and effect) círculo vicioso loc nom m locución nominal masculina: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como sustantivo masculino ("ojo de buey", "agua mala"). COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. That seems to be the case with Oakland Tribune's correspondent's coining of 'virtuous circle' which, by our above definitions, should really have been 'virtuous spiral'. Both mean "a situation in which the solution to one problem gives rise to a second problem, but the solution to the second problem brings back the first problem. In a cycle, similar events repeat at regular intervals and certain parallels can be drawn, but the problem does not return to its beginning. Back in the 1700s, logicians coined the term “vicious circle” to illustrate a kind of circular argument. The Vicious Circle members were then all locked away. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: A depends on B - B depends on C - C depends on A; This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle." Origin of “vicious circle” and “vicious cycle”. [Translation of New Latin circulus vitiōsus, circular argument : Medieval Latin circulus, circular argument + Latin vitiōsus, flawed, faulty .] Is the bullet train in China typically cheaper than taking a domestic flight? Can I assign any static IP address to a device on my network? Powerhouse was also present when the Vicious Circle tried to save the dying Cyberface by turning him into a vampire (Savage Dragon #34). A wider use of the expression was taken up by the medical profession and there are several examples from the early 19th century of it being used to describe conditions where one symptom affects another and the health of the patient steadily deteriorates. A vicious circle is an unbroken chain of events where the reaction to a problem causes an effect which intensifies the cause of the problem and makes it worse so that the problem repeats and the process starts over again.. The figurative, that is, not specifically logical or medical, meaning became established in the middle of the century; for example, this piece from Henry James' Notebooks, 1892: "The whole situation works in a kind of inevitable rotary way - in what would be called a vicious circle.". @Jacinto - Both terms have many senses. @Josh, not sure what POB is ("pat on the back"?). See more. A self-perpetuating process which returns to its starting point with no improvement from when it was begun. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. This imagery was employed in the 18th and 19th centuries to denote the circle of life and death. I am a beginner to commuting by bike and I find it very tiring. Examples of vicious circle in a sentence, how to use it. New command only for math mode: problem with \S. From the Cambridge English Corpus There is a … Here we have "vicious cycle" as sense 2 of "vicious circle": a recurring series of unfortunate events. Vicious circle is about 40% more common than vicious cycle in modern print sources. 9 February 1999. A virtuous circle can be small operating over days or it can drive a whole company’s strategy for decades. The figurative usage established later, mid-19th century as shown by the Phrase Finder : A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: A wider use of the expression was taken up by the medical profession and there are several examples from the early 19th century of it being used to describe conditions where one symptom affects another and the health of the patient steadily deteriorates. The more pesticides are used, the more resistant the insects become so the more pesticides have to be used. The band formed in Melbourne in 1983 and was quickly established within the cities scene. The more general meaning of the phrase refers to any process where one event feeds off another but which seems trapped in a loop and eventually returns to its starting point, with no benefit gained. Anxiety produces physical symptoms, and the two feed each other in a vicious circle. A: The word “vicious” actually comes from Latin “vitiosus”, which means “defective or faulty”. Need antonyms for vicious circle? But another striking thing that the chart reveals is how late "vicious cycle" was in gaining a significant following among published writers. Idiom of the Day 🙋. Vicious cycle isn't recorded in the OED. Wow, Learning something new, here. rev 2021.1.8.38287, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us, "Cycle" and "circle" mean the same thing in some senses (including the relevant ones), so it's not meaningful to claim that people "mixed up" the two. Vicious circle originally referred to a circular argument, that is, an argument that assumes the conclusion as one of its premises. A third will deliberately sell his cause. From an untitled item in the [Melbourne, Victoria] Argus (June 8, 1877): But in Victoria free trade has had no such faithful service. virtuous circle. The figurative, that is, not specifically logical or medical, meaning became established in the middle of the century; for example, this piece from Henry James' Notebooks, 1892: Examples of "vicious" in the sense of flawed reasoning can be found in the 17th century as suggested by Grammarphobia: Logicians in the early 17th century used the term “vicious” (from the Latin vitiosus, meaning faulty or defective) to refer to a flawed syllogism. It is called a circle because it has no real starting place—and, one might add, because there's no end to this sort of thing.. Because it is rather late to the party of everyday English "vicious cycle" doesn't show up in the works of early commentators who focused on correcting what they considered errors in usage. The frequency of "vicious circle" has dropped off by almost half in that period, while the frequency of "vicious cycle" has more than doubled. I favor the idea that the older term "Vicious circle" from the latin, no less, was mis-heard in New York in 1858, and then entered into use via the New York Times. The Oxford English Dictionary doesn’t list “vicious cycle” as a variant, though it includes the phrase in a couple of 20th-century citations. A vicious circle is a problem or difficult situation that has the effect of creating new problems that then cause the original problem or situation to occur again. Mathematicians in the 1700s, logicians coined the term “vicious circle” to illustrate a of! And a circle a cliché a recurring series of unfortunate events as term... 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