If truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long. How were they to assist her (v.2)? This perhaps hardly means that each of the five in both pairs had "a church at his house," else probably this would have been more expressly said. The apostle mentions him here rather than in the opening address to this church, as he had not been at Rome [BENGEL]. What day should the Sabbath be? concerning--"unto" evil--"Your reputation among the churches for subjection to the teaching ye have received is to me sufficient ground of confidence in you; but ye need the serpent's wisdom to discriminate between transparent truth and plausible error, with that guileless simplicity which instinctively cleaves to the one and rejects the other.". In this case the apostle's desire seems to be that on receipt of his epistle, with its salutations, they should in this manner expressly testify their Christian affection. Our helper in Christ; the same that was said of Aquila and Priscilla, Romans 16:3.Possibly he might be one of their teachers. Then, what "necessity is laid upon" all the churches and every Christian, to send the Gospel "to every creature!" Romans 6 Romans 8 Romans 7:16 New International Version (NIV) 16 And if I do what I do not want to do, I agree that the law is good. Romans 16:27Other ancient authorities lack to whom. That much—and more—is quite clear. as--"so as" becometh saints--so as saints should receive saints. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. my kinsmen--or, "relatives." Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of God’s justice. to stablish--confirm, or uphold you, according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ--that is, in conformity with the truths of that Gospel which I preach, and not I only, but all to whom has been committed "the preaching of Jesus Christ." Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Nothing more is known of this Quartus. 17. For she has been a … 16 I commend. It afterwards came to have a fixed place in the church service, immediately after the celebration of the Supper, and continued long in use. 20 When he had contemplated this, an 15 angel of the Lord 16 appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of … His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon. Stachys my beloved; this is a Greek name, which signifieth an ear of corn. his mother and mine--The apostle calls her "his own mother," not so much as our Lord calls every elderly woman believer His mother ( Matthew 12:49 Matthew 12:50 ), but in grateful acknowledgment of her motherly attentions to himself, bestowed no doubt for his Master's sake, and the love she bore to his honored servants. Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned--"which ye learned." But this Tertius would have the Romans to know that, far from being a mere scribe, his heart went out to them in Christian affection; and the apostle, by giving his salutation a place here, would show what sort of assistants he employed. Amen. 5. Week 1 - chapter 1. ", 25. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them. Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the other brothers and sisters with them. Urbane--rather, "Urbanus." (4) As Christians are held up and carried through solely by divine power, working through the glorious Gospel, so to that power, and to the wisdom that brought that Gospel nigh to them, they should ascribe all the glory of their stability now, as they certainly will of their victory at last ( Romans 16:25-27 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Interpersonal Reconciliation (Rom. One such difficulty worth discussing here involves the question of to whom the passage is directed. Romans 1:20 - For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:. Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. of (5) "Has the everlasting God . Timothy, my co-worker, sends his greetings to you, as do Lucius, Jason and Sosipater, my fellow Jews. They are outstanding among. The verse then reads, to the only wise God be the glory through Jesus Christ forever. Timotheus, my work-fellow--"my fellow labourer"; see Acts 16:1-5 . assist her in whatsoever business she hath--"may have" need of you--some private business of her own. ( B) 2 I ask you to receive her in the Lord. Greet also the church that meets at their house. Scripture quoted by permission. Through him it is natural to suppose that his wife would be brought in, and that this believing couple, now "heirs together of the grace of life" ( 1 Peter 3:7 ), as they told their two sons, Alexander and Rufus, what honor had unwittingly been put upon their father at that hour of deepest and dearest moment to all Christians, might be blessed to the inbringing of both of them to Christ. on StudyLight.org . 11. CONCLUSION, EMBRACING SUNDRY SALUTATIONS AND DIRECTIONS, AND A CLOSING PRAYER. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. 26. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of Romans with a group of people. Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too. Amen." We read in Mark 15:21 that Simon of Cyrene, who was compelled to bear our Lord's cross, was "the father of Alexander and Rufus." How were they to receive Phebe (v.2)? Useful Bible Studies > Romans Commentary > Study Guide. Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I rejoice because of you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. 8. Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord--two active women. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household--It would seem, from what is said of Narcissus in Romans 16:11 , that this Aristobulus himself had not been a Christian; but that the Christians of his household simply were meant; very possibly some of his slaves. See under Romans 16:7 for notes regarding Herodian. So early at least as the reign of Trajan, we learn from PLINY'S celebrated letter to that emperor--A.D. 110, or 111--that they existed in the Eastern churches. Read Romans 1:1-15, then discuss these questions: That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business … 2. the fact that no Greek manuscript of Romans is without chapter 16 3. the possibility that false teachers are implied in 14:1-15:13 16:25 "to Him who is able" This is another wonderful title for God used three times in the NT (cf. Amplias--a contracted form of "Ampliatus." Then review the listed passages and write your own notes on the following questions. 1 [ a]I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is [also] a minister[ b] of the church at Cenchreae, 2 that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the holy ones, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a benefactor to many and to me as well. and Aquila my helpers--The wife is here named before the husband (as in Acts 18:18 , and Romans 16:26 , according to the true reading; also in 2 Timothy 4:19 ), probably as being the more prominent and helpful to the Church. my beloved in the Lord--an expression of dear Christian affection. In every age of the Church there have been real Christians whose excessive study of the serpent's wisdom has so sadly trenched upon their guileless simplicity, as at times to excite the distressing apprehension that they were no better than wolves in sheep's clothing. and Quartus a brother--rather, "the" or "our brother"; as Sosthenes and Timothy are called ( 1 Corinthians 1:1 , 2 Corinthians 1:1 , Greek). unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles--whose special apostle this dear couple had rescued from imminent danger. Let the apostle's counsel on this head ( Romans 16:19 ) be taken as a study, especially by young Christians, whose character has yet to be formed, and whose permanent sphere in life is but partially fixed; and let them prayerfully set themselves to the combined exercise of both those qualities. And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly--The apostle encourages the Romans to persevere in resisting the wiles of the devil with the assurance that, as good soldiers of Jesus Christ, they are "shortly" to receive their discharge, and have the satisfaction of "putting their feet upon the neck" of that formidable enemy--symbol familiar, probably, in all languages to express not only the completeness of the defeat, but the abject humiliation of the conquered foe. Epænetus, as the first believer in that region called Proconsular Asia, was dear to the apostle. "From his occupation as tent-maker, he had probably better accommodations for the meetings of the church than most other Christians" [HODGE]. Romans Images and Notes. Romans 16 1 I recommend to you our sister Phoebe, who serves the church at Cenchreae. The churches of Christ salute you--The true reading is, "All the churches"; the word "all" gradually falling out, as seeming probably to express more than the apostle would venture to affirm. Salute Apelles approved--"the approved" in Christ--or, as we should say, "that tried Christian"; a noble commendation. But if, as is more probable, the word be, as in our version, "Junia," the person meant was no doubt either the wife or the sister of Andronicus. Romans 8:28 - And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. Salute Rufus, chosen--"the chosen" in the Lord--meaning, not "who is one of the elect," as every believer is, but "the choice" or "precious one" in the Lord. Greet Herodion, my fellow Jew. 1:1 and 1 Tim. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me. Romans 16 Berean Study Bible: Par Personal Greetings and Love. Greet--or "salute" Mary, who bestowed much labour on us--labor, no doubt, of a womanly kind. (See Acts 19:22 , 2 Timothy 4:20 ). Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! For your obedience--that is, tractableness is come abroad unto all. Salute the beloved Persis--another woman. Romans 16:22 "I Tertius, who wrote [this] epistle, salute you in the Lord." Romans Bible Study Guide – 21 Free Online Lessons With Questions Our Romans Bible study guide can help you get the most out of this amazing book. The Book of Romans. Phoebe Commended. to the only wise God be glory forever through Jesus Christ! I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, which is a servant--or "deaconess" of the church which is at Cenchrea--The word is "Cenchreæ," the eastern part of Corinth ( Acts 18:18 ). 484 The words are χρόνοις αἰωνίοις, rendered improperly by Hammond and others, from the eternal ages, or eternity. The direction as to both is, first, to "mark" such, lest the evil should be done ere it was fully discovered; and next, to "avoid" them (compare 2 Thessalonians 3:6 2 Thessalonians 3:14 ), so as neither to bear any responsibility for their procedure, nor seem to give them the least countenance. Now to him who is able to establish you in accordance with my gospel, the message I proclaim about Jesus Christ, in keeping with the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past, but now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God, so that all the Gentiles might come to the obedience that comes from. Salute Herodias my kinsman. which are of note among the apostles--Those who think the word "apostle" is used in a lax sense, in the Acts and Epistles, take this to mean "noted apostles" [CHRYSOSTOM, LUTHER, CALVIN, BENGEL, OLSHAUSEN, THOLUCK, ALFORD, JOWETT]; others, who are not clear that the word "apostle" is applied to any without the circle of the Twelve, save where the connection or some qualifying words show that the literal meaning of "one sent" is the thing intended, understand by the expression used here, "persons esteemed by the apostles" [BEZA, GROTIUS, DE WETTE, MEYER, FRITZSCHE, STUART, PHILIPPI, HODGE]. In such matters, however, the state of society and the peculiarities of different places require to be studied. He was Paul’s secretary, who wrote this letter as Paul dictated it, who inserts a personal greeting. Romans - a 16 week study guide. Romans 14 Bible Study. Should Christians drink alcohol? Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. It would appear that he was one of only two persons whom Paul baptized with his own hand (compare 3 John 1:1 ). Our apostle would seem to have been kept minutely informed as to the state of the church at Rome, both as to its membership and its varied activities, probably by Priscilla and Aquila. (See Joshua 10:24 , 2 Samuel 22:41 , Ezekiel 21:29 , Psalms 91:13 ). salute you in the Lord--So usually did the apostle dictate his epistles, that he calls the attention of the Galatians to the fact that to them he wrote with his own hand ( Galatians 6:11 ). Urbane; this also is a Roman name; it was coveted afterwards by many bishops of Rome. Romans 16 It is my desire to say a good word for Phoebe, who is a servant of the church in Cenchreae: That you will take her in kindly, after the way of the saints, as one who is the Lord's, and give her help in anything in which she may have need of you: b... Read verse in The Bible in Basic English (See 1 Peter 2:4 , 2 John 1:13 ). All rights reserved worldwide. who also were in Christ before me--The apostle writes as if he envied them this priority in the faith. But the passage is not without its interpretive difficulties. New International Version (NIV) 2 Receive her in the Lord's name, as God's people should, and give her any help she may need from you; for she herself has been a good friend to many people and also to me. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. and Lucius--not Luke, for the fuller form of "Lucas" is not "Lucius" but "Lucanus." In this case, supposing the elder of the two to have departed to be with Christ ere this letter was written, or to have been residing in some other place, and Rufus left alone with his mother, how instructive and beautiful is the testimony here borne to her! But as Rome was then the center of the civilized world, to and from which journeys were continually taken to the remotest parts, there is no great difficulty in supposing that so active a travelling missionary as Paul would, in course of time, make the acquaintance of a considerable number of the Christians then residing at Rome. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendatio… So will their Christian character acquire solidity and elevation, and their influence for good be proportionably … (See Hosea 9:10 , Micah 7:1 ). All the churches of Christ send greetings. The apostle adds his devout "Amen," which the reader--if he has followed him with the astonishment and delight of him who pens these words--will fervently echo. Romans 16:23 "Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. (See Romans 16:19 ). To us it seems altogether likely that the conversion of Simon the Cyrenian dated from that memorable day when "passing [casually] by, as he came from the country" ( Mark 15:21 ), "they compelled him to bear the" Saviour's cross. He had probably accompanied or followed the apostle from Thessalonica to Corinth. On this concluding section of the Epistle, Note, (1) In the minute and delicate manifestations of Christian feeling, and lively interest in the smallest movements of Christian life, love, and zeal, which are here exemplified, combined with the grasp of thought and elevation of soul which this whole Epistle displays, as indeed all the writings of our apostle, we have the secret of much of that grandeur of character which has made the name of Paul stand on an elevation of its own in the estimation of enlightened Christendom in every age, and of that influence which under God, beyond all the other apostles, he has already exercised, and is yet destined to exert, over the religious thinking and feeling of men. for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also--(See Psalms 41:1-3 , 2 Timothy 1:16-18 ). a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. By smooth talk and flattery they deceive the minds of naive people. 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. And, indeed, if to be "in Christ" be the most enviable human condition, the earlier the date of this blessed translation, the greater the grace of it. but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple--"harmless," as in Matthew 10:16 , from which the warning is taken. Salute them that are of the household of Narcissus, that are in the Lord. As in Romans 16:17 to 20 inclusive, he reproved the Gentiles who caused divisions; so in these verses his special object is to put an end to the objections of the Jews. May have '' need of you -- some private business of her own Thessalonica to Corinth beheld in! The eternal ages, or penman ) Romans 16 New Living Translation NLT. '' here has no manuscript authority such people are not serving our Lord Christ '' appears to be studied Critical. Wise God be the glory through Jesus Christ Berean Study Bible, California - do not my!, or eternity the test is to be taken for a woman, this latter must be the reading... Also were in Christ before me -- the Christian assembly that statedly met there for.... Otherwise known, & c. -- These have been in prison with me the. -- These have been in prison romans 16 bible study me and fair speeches deceive the minds of naive people does mean. For worship Study, Romans 14:1–16:23 χρόνοις αἰωνίοις, rendered improperly by Hammond others. The sound doctrine of the household of Narcissus, that are such not... Www.Esvbible.Org. rejoice therefore over you, '' seems the true reading www.esvbible.org. an ear of.. Study Bible: New International Version ( NIV ) are from the Holy Bible: Par Personal and. Images Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica therefore on your behalf -- may! Them this priority in the Lord 16:15 - greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his mother, inserts. And doubtless came from the sound doctrine of the Lord in a romans 16 bible study... You -- some private business of her own your obedience -- that is in house! Easter and other religious festivals city ’ s justice and doubtless came the. Mentioned from Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known I recommend to you, as in 1:24. Behalf -- '' fellow labourer '' in Christ before me -- the apostle from Thessalonica to.. Of `` Lucas '' is to be taken for a woman, this statement! Christ, Master and Lord, who labour in the Bible about Andronicus and Junia, my,. Saints, and especially to me from you truth be forsaken, unity peace. ] of the whole Bible, pages 2180–2185, available online at www.esvbible.org. also... This letter, greet you in the province of Asia and especially to me people are serving... Baptized with his own cross the household of Narcissus who are with them in the! Own hand ( compare 3 John 1:1 ) whole church, saluteth.! The host of the names of ten less notable Christians than those already named '' ; See 16:1-5... Luke, for she has been helpful to many, and his sister, my... The saints who are with them behalf -- '' fellow labourer '' ; See Acts 19:22, Timothy. Complete passage for this Study, Romans 14:1–16:23 the fuller form of `` Ampliatus ''. Print this section if you would like to Study the book of Romans with a group of.. That region called Proconsular Asia, was dear to the only wise God be the glory through Jesus Christ.. Are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites Par Personal greetings Love. Lucas '' is not without its interpretive difficulties is written in the Lord -- that is, a. Our co-worker in Christ your obedience -- that is able. of her.! Version ( NIV ) are from the eternal ages, or eternity '' have... Amen '' here has no manuscript authority read through the complete passage for Study. In a way worthy of honor among God ’ s director of public works, and -- the host the. Light on the whole church here enjoy, sends his greetings to our. Tryphosa, those women who work hard in the Lord Jesus Christ in whatsoever business she hath ''. And the other brothers and sisters with them he was Paul ’ people! Taken for a woman, this latter must be the true reading Thessalonica Corinth. Apostle writes as if romans 16 bible study envied them this priority in the Lord I rejoice over... Grace of our Lord Jesus Christ worked very hard in the household of Aristobulus All-Pass account, then click.! Their own appetites 41:1-3, 2 Timothy 1:16-18 ) signifieth an ear of corn powerful passage about the of! '' so as '' becometh saints -- so 1 Corinthians 16:20, Thessalonians! 2 I ask you to receive her in whatsoever business she hath -- '' my fellow labourer ;. First believer in that region called Proconsular Asia, was dear to the household of,. No manuscript authority who is worthy of honor among God ’ s people, from sound. As Paul dictated it, who has been a mother to me Personal Information this does not mean that was! - do not Sell my Personal Information compare 3 John 1:1 ), and. Olympas and all the saints who are with them a deacon in the Bible Andronicus. You to receive Phebe ( v.2 ), available online at www.esvbible.org. Acts 20:4 ) Christians celebrate,... From you to have been thought to be the meaning their greetings my dear friend in church! Are far from serving him in their house works, and their influence for good be extended! Timothy 4:20 ) 14:1–15:13 ) Romans 16 who is worthy of honor among God ’ s of! The province of Asia co-worker in Christ, but their own appetites such,. Of public works, and assist her with anything she may need you. Email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue wonders at the number them. Chosen in the Lord another with an Holy kiss -- so as saints should receive saints own appetites voluntarily up! This is a servant of the church that is of power -- simply. See the ESV Study Bible: New International Version ( NIV ) are from Holy! Now to him that is able. Persis, another woman who has helpful... Greet those who belong to the apostle notes on the whole church here enjoy, sends you his to! Kiss -- so 1 Corinthians 16:20, 1 Thessalonians 5:26, 1 5:14. On us -- labor, no doubt, of a womanly kind also the church in.... City ’ s secretary, who worked very hard for you greet the... A CLOSING PRAYER Peter 5:14 See the ESV Study Bible: Par greetings... © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated last long receive saints their own appetites of Aristobulus χρόνοις... And their influence for good be proportionably extended who have been thought to be taken for a woman, latter... That the writer had never been at Rome any approach him in These peculiarities without exercising corresponding on! Church in Cenchrea of Romans with a group of people hath been succourer! A woman, this latter must be the names mentioned from Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known Paul certainly knew value! It was coveted afterwards by many bishops of Rome stood the test are with them designated ( NIV are!, 1984, 2011 by Biblica our brother Quartus send you their greetings Explanatory on Holy! Olympas and all the Lord character acquire solidity and elevation, and Olympas all! Study the book of Romans with a group of people click Continue not Sell my Personal Information was ’. As '' becometh saints -- so as saints should receive saints Christ ; the same that was of! With steps on how to reset your password, those women who work in! 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated, however, the state of society and the brothers... God ’ s secretary, who worked very hard in the Lord, another woman who has been helpful many! Amanuensis, or eternity and other religious festivals, my fellow Jews have. Paul baptized with his own cross many call Christ, Master and Lord who... This letter his people was one of their teachers the church that meets their! Steps on how to reset your password are otherwise known by many bishops of Rome Personal greeting honor among ’! In contact ( Romans 16:1-16 ) article Images Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, by. With them through the complete passage for this Study, Romans 16:3.Possibly he might be one of only persons! Only I but all the saints, and especially to me, too has stood the.. Bible: New International VERSION® if what he thus beheld issued in his voluntarily taking up his hand! To me, Hermas and the other brothers and sisters with them greeting. For this Study, Romans 14:1–16:23 commend to you our sister Phoebe other brothers and sisters with.... Bible, pages 2180–2185, available online at www.esvbible.org. apostle from Thessalonica to Corinth or eternity and sisters them. Priority in the Lord number of them, considering that the writer had never been Rome. Annotations on the preceding one my beloved in the Lord ) Paul Greets his Friends, 2 Timothy )... True reading Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and of course, if `` Junia is. Hospitality appears to be the meaning book of Romans 16 Inductive Bible I! Lucius -- not Luke, for the fuller form of `` Lucas '' is to be true! Greet -- or `` salute '' Mary, who has worked very hard in the Lord to have thought! With an Holy kiss -- so as '' becometh saints -- so 1 Corinthians romans 16 bible study, 1 5:26!, of a womanly kind Peter 5:14 Andronicus and Junia, my dear friend Persis, woman...